Johannesburg at a glance
Johannesburg ; also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world. It is the provincial capital and largest city in Gauteng, which is the wealthiest province in South Africa. While Johannesburg is not one of South Africa's three capital cities, it is the seat of the Constitutional Court.
The city is located in the mineral-rich Witwatersrand range of hills and is the centre of large-scale gold and diamond trade.
In 2011, the population of the city of Johannesburg was 4,434,827, making it the largest city in South Africa. In the same year, the population of Johannesburg's urban agglomeration was put at 7,860,781. Some view the area surrounding the city of Johannesburg yet more broadly than the metropolitan area, adding Ekurhuleni, West Rand and Lenasia; that larger area had a population of 8,434,292 in 2011.
Sophiatown was originally a farm outside Johannesburg, Transvaal (now Gauteng). It was bought by Hermann Tobiansky, who named it after his wife, Sophia.
Sophiatown is located on one of Johannesburg's ridges called Melville Koppies. Melville Koppies lies on the Kaapvaal craton, which dates from three billion years ago.
The Johannesburg City Council took the decision in 1997 to reinstate the old name Sophiatown for the suburb. On 11 February 2006, the process finally came to fruition when Mayor Amos Mosondo changed the name of Triomf back to Sophiatown.
The Church of Christ the King
Church of Christ the King
Dr A.B. Xuma's house
St Joseph's Home for Children
The Odin Cinema
St Cyprian's Missions School
Oak tree in Bertha Street